What do you mean by genetic disorder?
A genetic disorder is a genetic problem caused by one or more abnormalities in the genome, especially a condition that is present from birth (congenital). Most genetic disorders are quite rare and affect one person in every several thousands or millions.
What is the most common genetic disorder?
Some examples of monogenetic disorders include:
- cystic fibrosis,
- sickle cell anemia,
- Marfan syndrome,
- Huntington's disease, and.
How many genetic disorders are there?
Around 6,000 known genetic disorders are caused by inheriting an altered gene. Generally, the alteration (mutation) means that the information contained in the particular gene is either changed or absent.